Topic1X NounsandȱȱȱȱPronounsȱLEARNING OUTCOMESBy the end of this topic, you should be able to: 1. Differentiate between nouns andpronouns; 2. Identify nouns and pronouns used in prose; 3. Explain the grammarrules related to nouns and pronouns; 4. Categorise different types of nouns andpronouns; 5. Use a dictionary to look for grammatical information about nouns andpronouns; and 6. Use different types of nouns and pronouns in appropriatecontexts.ȱX INTRODUCTIONThis topic introduces the two major word classes of English grammar: nouns andpronouns. These two word classes belong to the noun group. You can use a noun groupto refer to someone or something by naming them. You do this by using a name,called a noun. You may decide not to name the person or thing and use a pronoun.This module will take you through a series of language awareness activities andsome language proficiency exercises on nouns and pronouns. The language awarenessactivities will sensitise you to the characteristics and the grammar rules relatedto the forms and functions of nouns and pronouns, while the language proficiencyexercises provide practice on the use of these two word classes in meaningfulcontexts.
2XTOPIC 1NOUNS AND PRONOUNS1.1 NOUNSACTIVITY 1.1Do you know what a noun is? Can you underline all the nouns in the followingsentences? Can you explain the criteria you have used to identify the nouns? 1. 2.3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Hassan is a good doctor. Kuala Lumpur is a city in Malaysia.
Get answer to your question and much more
10. The team had played very well in the competition. A noun is a „naming word‰. Ittells us what someone or something is called. For example, it can be used to referto a person (e.g. Hassan, boy, pen-friend, thief), a job title (doctor, policeman),a place (e.g. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, city, market, restaurant), an object (e.g.letter, personal computer, food), an activity/event (e.g. singing, dancing,competition), a quality (e.g. wisdom, strength), a group (crowd, team) or whatevername we can think of. Some nouns consist of more than one word as in pen-friend,policeman and personal computer. These nouns are called compound nouns. Refer toCollins Cobuild English Grammar, p. 27 for more details.ACTIVITY 1.2Identify all the nouns in the text below by underlining them.