Exploring Christian Heritage Pg.21-23 - Exploring Christian...

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Exploring Christian Heritage Pg. 21-22Edict of MilanEmperor Constantine and Emperor Licinius issed Edict of Milan (313)oDeclared religious toleration for all in Roman EmpireoConsidered the turning point in the cessation of persecution of Christians and the beginning of a favored status for Christianity in Roman EmpireToleration of ChristianityEmperor Constantine and Licinius judged free liberty to follow whichever religion they liked bestNo man should be denied to worship how he wantsAnnulled the restrictions on worshipPlaces of worship were restoredRestitutions were given Exploring Christian Heritage pg. 22-23Arius of Alexandria (250-336)Schismatic priest whose teachings were deemed heretical by Council of Nicaea in 325Excommunicated by Peter, bishop of Alexandria, and later reconciled to become a presbyterThought that Jesus was not eternal, therefore was distinct and subordinate to the fatherArianism: ChristologyLetter to EusebiusCalls himself a faithful man of God, unjustly persecuted by Pope AlexanderSpeaks through his father, Ammonius, who everyone liked as a brother in GodSays they are trying to run him out of town because they don’t believe the same thing about JesusMost bishops believe Jesus is eternally begotten, others (deemed as heretics in Arius’ eyes) call Jesus an ingenerateSays the Son is not unbegotten but God is the only-begotten and subsisted before time and agesoFull of grace and truth,oUnchangeableAnd before God was unbegotten/created/defined/established, He was notoWe are persecuted because we say The Son has a beginning, but God is without beginningoThe Son is neither part of God or any other substratumExploring Christian Heritage Pg. 26-29
Athanasius of Alexandria (296-373)Foremost opponent of ArianismExiled at least 5 times “Athanasius against the World”oWrote various apologies and orationsEventually restored to his episcopal (366)oDefended definition of Trinitarian orthodoxy decided at Nicaea in 325Athanasius’ Easter Letter in 367 – was first Christian leader to recite all 27 books now recognized as New Testament CanonOn the IncarnationWord of God – incorporeal, incorruptible, devoid of matterNo part of creation had been void of Him – together with his FatheroHe filled all things everywhere

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Term
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Christianity, The Bible, Constantine I, First Council of Nicaea, Christian Heritage Pg, Emperor Theodosius Ambrose

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