Lecture 07--Nasserism and the Middle East in the Cold War

Lecture 07--Nasserism and the Middle East in the Cold War -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 7 Nasserism and the Middle East in the Cold War 1 I. Post WWII Egypt a. Post WWII – More of the same i. Egypt tried to renegotiate treaties with Britain but fail ii. Main issue was Suez Canal 1. India is now independent, so Suez is the main issue a. Waning empire, so Britain doesn’t want to give it up iii. Government paralysis 1. Popular resentment a. 1948 war against Israel – got their butts kicked 2. King Faruq doesn’t get along with parties 3. Land distribution a. Rich getting richer; poor getting poorer iv. Muslim Brotherhood 1. Appeal: Very popular a. Advocate true independence and social reform 2. Violence 3. Hasan al-Banna murdered, probably by Egyptian security forces v. Black Sunday – 26 January 1952 1. Police barracks at Isma’iliyya leveled by British forces 2. Mass demonstrations against Britain and the Egyptian upper class a. Basically, against anyone connected to the government b. Rise of Nasser i. Free Officers (Nasser is leader) 1. Middle and lower class a. Minor government officials, small peasant landowners, merchant backgrounds 2. Junior officers a. Only senior officer was Naguib b. Younger = more idealistic 3. Gamal Abd al-Nasser (1918-1970) a. Leader of the nine leaders b. Government and senior officers squandered revenue = corruption c. Vague notions; pragmatic ii. Six point guide (not much detail) 1. Elimination of British rule and collaborators 2. Eliminate feudalism 3. End control of state by foreign capital 4. Social justice 5. Creation of national army 6. Creation of democratic government life iii. Coup d’etat – 1952 (way to implement the Six point guide) 1. 23 July, 1952 2. RCC (Revolutionary Command Council) a. Responds on a case by case basis b. Executive body c. General goals to consolidate their power i. New constitution ii. Remove rivals iii. Gain popular support 3. RCC and rivals a. King Faruq i. Forced to leave country ii. Abolish monarchy – 1953
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Lecture 7 Nasserism and the Middle East in the Cold War 2 b. Parliament and political parties i. New constitution ii. Banned political parties and dissolved parliament c. Naguib and Nasser i. Naguib was President and Prime Minister ii. Nasser was the power behind the scenes 1. Minister of Interior (Intelligence agency, security forces, etc.) d. Liberation Rally: Not a traditional political party, but was the only one allowed i. Most people disillusioned by government process e. Muslim Brotherhood i. Over 500,000 members ii. Wanted to co-opt RCC, but RCC wanted to co-opt them iii. 1954 assassination attempt against Nasser 1. Nasser cracks down on them and bans them 2. Nasser executes 6 leaders and imprisoned thousands of member f. Naguib becoming Nasser’s rival because their views begin to diverge i. Nasser accuses him of being a member of the Muslim Brotherhood ii. 1954 – Put under house arrest c. RCC and reforms i. Building support 1. Agrarian Reform Law – 1952 a. Limit amount of agricultural land a single person could own i. No more than 200 feddans
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 3400 taught by Professor May during the Spring '08 term at University of North Georgia- Dahlonega.

Page1 / 14

Lecture 07--Nasserism and the Middle East in the Cold War -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online