History 2055 august 29th - History 2055 8-25-14 What is...

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History 20558-25-14What is History?oEverything that has ever happenedoHistory includes what you have already doneoHistory is the past which means it is gone, you can’t recreate itoWe understand history through artifactsothe best history is history that is true to the people of the past and speaks to the peopleof the present8-27-14: Early Invasion and Non-English SettlementI.Columbusa.Columbus and the events (facts)i.Son of a weaverii.Grew up in Italyiii.Obsessed with wealth and status, but is also religiousiv.He comes to see exploration sailing as a means to fame and fortune, so he likeother explorers of the time, looks for any available shipv.Goes to the King and Queen of Spain to finance a ship in 1492vi.Interested in avoyage to Asia to recruit people to take over Jerusalem or to seethe New World, or conquer the spice tradevii.Underestimates the distanceviii.Makes 4 trips to the New World in the Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Mariab.Discovers America-Problems with the Interpretationi.The facts don’t fitii.Could argue that Columbus didn’t even know where he isiii.Evidence is clear that Columbus isn’t the first explorer to come to the NewWorldiv.Icelandic colony established about 500 years before Columbusv.A large amount of people were already there so “discovery” isn’t the rightword…he enslaved a people who had previously existed in peacevi.Columbus is simply the beginning of a systematic invasion of the New Worldc.Impact (Meaning) of Columbusi.Columbus sets of this redefinition of what the world looks likeii.Marks an interesting change-the creation of an Atlantic world, which will be thefocal point of the Western worldiii.Begins the invasion of the New WorldII.Spain- The First Empirea.Early Conquest in Latin Americai.Cortez goes to Mexico, where there is this new world of Aztec civilizationii.Tenochtitlan-centerpiece of the Aztec empire, which was hierarchical empireiii.Cortez takes over the Aztec Empire in 1550iv.Another Spanish conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, marches into Peru and takesover the Incan Empirev.Horses, firearms, and diseases gave the Spanish a tremendous upper hand
vi.Spanish empire has begun to mobilizevii.Spanish would go into very structured groups, cut off the top person first, andincorporate their ways into the lower levelsb.Early Exploration of What Will Become the USi.Ponce de Leon goes to Florida as early as 1513ii.De Soto, first Spaniard to explore the American Southeast, found nothing.iii.Coronado goes to the American Southwest; native’s didn’t have wealth like theAztecs or Incasc.Settlement in What Will Become the USi.Spanish considered first settlers of Americaii.Spanish go to ‘New Mexico’ in 1580s; combo of military force, landowners, andFranciscan monks (to convert the Indians)iii.Franciscans put on elaborate ceremonies to alienate young Indians from their

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Term
Spring
Professor
ROBERTOUTLAND
Tags
The Bible, Thirteen Colonies

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