02 - Early Christianity

02 - Early Christianity - EARLY CHRISTIANITY (1-9-08)...

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EARLY CHRISTIANITY (1-9-08) Textual Origins o Torah Relatively late development in Hebrew tradition Nebuchadnezzar essentially enslaved the Jews in Babylon, which made them realize they were losing their culture. o Pentateuch Also known as the Torah First five books of the Old Testament o Tanakh Also known as the Septuagint o Septuagint 3 rd c. BC—Jews losing their religion once again because of Greek influence; Hebrew language being lost Meeting in Alexandria, Egypt was held to come up with a new traditional body of text in Greek 72 Rabbis met for 72 days to resolve 72 issues o After 72 days, they all have the same document, which was the Septuagint (essentially the Old Testament) o Vulgate Translation of the Septuagint into Latin by St. Jerome in the 4 th c. HEBREW into Latin, not Greek into Latin Vulgate means “common language” Still used in the Catholic Church o Mesorah: Jewish tradition says the Septuagint was corrupted, so there was a new meeting to correct it (6 th century) Protestants pick it up when they break with the Catholic tradition (so, it’s essentially the Protestant Old Testament) o Anagignoskomena: In Western Christian tradition, the Anagignoskomena developed These were the books removed by the Jews from the Septuagint (not in the Mesorah) Further separated into Deutercanonical (“second canon”) and Apocrypha o Deutercanonical: Canonical texts, but they were originally in Greek, not Hebrew o Apocrypha: Texts included in the Septuagint and are still useful, but not canonical (not divinely inspired) The First Christians Gnostic gospels fill in the details of Jesus’s childhood/early life Canon: We lose track of Jesus until his 30s, except one instance when he was 12 o Hint: When he preaches publicly, his followers call him “Rabbi” Rabbi title is only given when a man completes a certain education in the Jewish faith o Hint: The fact that he’s unmarried means that as a Rabbi, he’s gone through some sort of higher education Without higher education, Rabbis had to be married by a certain age. Jesus pulled together a Jewish subsect . o There were many subsects because the Jews were looking for a Messiah figure. Jews were being persecuted, and the Messiah was to lead them to freedom by conquering their persecutors. Before Jesus: Essenes—Any Jewish sect not following the usual traditions o To get ready for the Messiah, they purified themselves
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All property communal, no intercourse, ritual baths several times a day, people lived separated by gender o Had communities in the Middle East o Dead Sea Scrolls found near an Essene settlement o Modern-day cult The Pentecost helps save the movement Jesus had started o People were in hiding after Jesus’s death—the Holy Spirit came to them and filled them with the courage and ability to preach Birth of Christianity = Paul o Converted while persecuting Christians (blinded and then healed)
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02 - Early Christianity - EARLY CHRISTIANITY (1-9-08)...

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