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Mark A. Crosby0508321HLS-355Critical Thinking Final ProjectIn the development and evaluation of a Critical Thinking model for Homeland Security we must first understand what Homeland Security is and what we want the model to support. This will help us determine what the model must be required to accomplish, who the model must support, how much flexibility the model must have in order to be effective.Homeland Security, as defined by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) intheir February 2012 Department of Homeland Security Strategic Plan Fiscal Years 2012-2106, is “A homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards.” This is further expanded in the DHS mission statement; protecting the United States from terrorism is the cornerstone of homeland security. DHS’s counterterrorism responsibilities focus on three goals: preventing terrorist attacks; preventing the unauthorized acquisition, importation, movement, or use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear materials and capabilities within the United States; and reducingthreats to and vulnerability of critical infrastructure, key resources, essential leadership, and major events from terrorist attacks and other hazards [ CITATION The12 \l 1033 ].It also must understood that homeland security is not homeland defense; the later being a function of the U.S. Military. Homeland defense is civilian led consisting of law enforcement, disaster, immigration, and terrorism issues [CITATION Ree13 \l 1033 ].
As a key point in both the definition and mission statement directs us toward prevention of a terrorist attack. It stands to reason that the focus of homeland security is to have the ability to predict with a high degree of certainty when a terrorist attack is being developed in order to mitigate the threat to the greatest extent possible, and if an attack happens, be able to rebound from that attack, learn from our mistakes, and continue on.In the Elder & Paul model of Critical Thinking there are eight elements of reasoning or thought: purpose, question at issue, information, interpretation and inference, concepts, assumption, implications and consequences, and point of view; each element of reasoning is linked simultaneously with the other elements, as new information becomes available to the thinker, questions and conclusions may change. These changes in information will generate more new questions, effect points of view, and generate new ideas [ CITATION Eld \l 1033 ]. If we change our assumptions, inferences-conclusions will be affected. Questioning permeates the entire model in that one must use questions to illuminate each of the other elements[ CITATION Gui04 \l 1033 ].Using Elder and Paul’s eight elements of thought we can develop a basic Homeland Security logic model:Purpose: to gather information in about future attacks or what we perceive to be possible future attacks. This “attack” may come in the form of terrorism or natural disaster. Both models must be supported as the end result must be the continuation of