cognition exam 1

Cognition exam 1 - What is cognitive psychology The scientific study of how the mind functions to produce behavior The study of how mind is

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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 1 What is cognitive psychology? The scientific study of how the mind functions to produce behavior The study of how mind is realized in the brain
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 2 Are there fundamental principles in cognitive psychology? • Behavior/action is the result of the brain’s activity with representations of the world (including internal states) – Through action and actively-attended-to experience, the brain forms representations of information about the world. – Different types of representations may be formed about the same objects, events, places, or concepts.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 3 Foundation Principles of Cognition • Different brain structures analyze, represent, store and process different types of information. – The brain forms both perception-based and meaning-based representations. – Perception-based knowledge representations use the same brain structures as the basic processes of perception.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 4 Foundation Principles • Cognitive processes evolved from simpler sensory and motor processes to guide effective action • Cognitive capabilities, for learning, remembering, communicating give organisms survival advantages • Brain structures serve both lower-order and higher-order functions (control of movement and control of thought; perception and problem- solving)
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 5 What are the basic cognitive processes? • Perception • Action • Learning - memory • Consciousness – Attention • Emotion
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 6 What does an organism have to determine/decide/know about objects it encounters? • What is it? • Where is it? • What do I do now?
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 7 Action • Cognition begins with action. • Action includes – Stimulus or input from world – Response of organism
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 8 Memory • Stimulus – response associations may be innate (insects, reptiles, amphibians) or learned (most other creatures). • Learning makes it possible for an organism to survive in a more variable environment. – Cats can catch mice or birds or fish….or bugs – Memory makes it possible for a creature to do something better the next time.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 9 Consciousness - Attention • Responses to never-encountered- before events cannot be planned in advance. • Consciousness makes it possible to construct and execute novel responses (things that have not been done before) to novel events. – Searching for hiding prey.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 10 Two kinds of long-term learning • Improvement in performance – Dog: Catching ball – Person: Walking, reading – Procedural Learning • Conscious recollection – Dog: Recognizing master – Person: Recognizing dog – Declarative Learning
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 11 Procedural vs. Declarative Memory Procedural Memory – Knowing how – Getting faster and more accurate with practice – Motor, Perceptual, & Perceptual-Motor Skill
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2008 for the course PSYCH 305 taught by Professor Ingate during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Cognition exam 1 - What is cognitive psychology The scientific study of how the mind functions to produce behavior The study of how mind is

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