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cognition exam 1 - What is cognitive psychology The...

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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 1 What is cognitive psychology? The scientific study of how the mind functions to produce behavior The study of how mind is realized in the brain
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 2 Are there fundamental principles in cognitive psychology? Behavior/action is the result of the brain’s activity with representations of the world (including internal states) Through action and actively-attended-to experience, the brain forms representations of information about the world. Different types of representations may be formed about the same objects, events, places, or concepts.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 3 Foundation Principles of Cognition Different brain structures analyze, represent, store and process different types of information. The brain forms both perception-based and meaning-based representations. Perception-based knowledge representations use the same brain structures as the basic processes of perception.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 4 Foundation Principles Cognitive processes evolved from simpler sensory and motor processes to guide effective action Cognitive capabilities, for learning, remembering, communicating give organisms survival advantages Brain structures serve both lower-order and higher-order functions (control of movement and control of thought; perception and problem- solving)
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 5 What are the basic cognitive processes? • Perception • Action Learning - memory Consciousness – Attention • Emotion
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 6 What does an organism have to determine/decide/know about objects it encounters? What is it? Where is it? What do I do now?
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 7 Action Cognition begins with action. Action includes Stimulus or input from world Response of organism
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 8 Memory Stimulus – response associations may be innate (insects, reptiles, amphibians) or learned (most other creatures). Learning makes it possible for an organism to survive in a more variable environment. Cats can catch mice or birds or fish….or bugs Memory makes it possible for a creature to do something better the next time.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 9 Consciousness - Attention Responses to never-encountered- before events cannot be planned in advance. Consciousness makes it possible to construct and execute novel responses (things that have not been done before) to novel events. Searching for hiding prey.
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 10 Two kinds of long-term learning Improvement in performance Dog: Catching ball Person: Walking, reading Procedural Learning Conscious recollection Dog: Recognizing master Person: Recognizing dog Declarative Learning
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08/29/08 Introduction to Cognition 11 Procedural vs. Declarative Memory Procedural Memory Knowing how Getting faster and more accurate with practice Motor, Perceptual, & Perceptual-Motor Skill
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