HA Clinical Study Guide: Final Exam
Class I (ch. 6, 9)
– vancomycin-resistant enterococcus
– an agent that inhibits the growth of bacteria
– intended for patients with documented or suspected transmissible infections,
in addition to standard precautions, three types: air-borne, droplet, contact
– temporary drop in blood pressure (>20 mmHg) due to change in position
(such as standing)
Hypertension – >140/90
When is hand washing required? What is the appropriate time frame for each?
After touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and contaminated items, whether or not you
were wearing gloves. Immediately after removing gloves and between patients, may need to wash
hands between procedures on the same patient to prevent cross-contamination.
When is glove use recommended?
When touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, items contaminate with these, mucous
membranes, and non-intact skin.
What affects blood pressure?
Cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, volume of circulating blood, viscosity, elasticity of
When should you assess for a pulse deficit?
Weak contraction of ventricles that occurs with atrial fibrillation, premature beats, and heart failure
Describe Korotkof phases I-V.
I = tapping (systolic), II = swooshing, III = knocking, IV = abrupt miffling, V = silence (diastolic)
Class II (ch. 10, 19, 20)
– weakening or cessation of systole