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Unformatted text preview: Anatomy & Physiology II Notes – 2/8/07 Adrenal Cortex • Glucocorticoids – most abundant is cortisol, involved mainly in maintaining blood glucose levels by gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, adjusts other metabolic processes to maintain these levels, involved in vasoconstriction enhancement raises B.P., used as drugs as anti- inflammatories o Cortisol – helps to deal with stress, stimulates liver to break down glycogen, catabolism of fat, stimulates protein breakdown and amino acids are metabolized to synthesize glucose, anti-inflammatory, suppresses the immune system increase in susceptibility to infections if it’s present for a long period of time, regulated through a negative feedback: hypothalamus prod. CRH adenohypophysis prod. ACTH release of cortisol, levels in the body fluctuate during the day, additional input from the nervous...
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