Cognition 3

Cognition 3 - Episodic Memory Episodic Hierarchy: episodes:...

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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 1 Episodic Memory Episodic Hierarchy:  episodes: event sequences Post-event information Autobiographical memory Recall = Reconstruction Confidence ≠Accuracy Recall generally high, three functions Childhood amnesia – below ~ age 4 Reminiscence bump – 15 to 30 – lots of firsts Recency effect – from present back to ~30 there is a decline in events recalled with more recent  events more likely to be recalled. Retrograde amnesia Psychogenic amnesia – claims often involve fraud, intent to deceive Organic retrograde amnesia: bilateral damage to medial temporal cortex
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 2 Episodic Memory - Definition Episodic Memory  is memory for stories
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 3 Autobiographical Memory Life events are stories about yourself. That is, they are structured in memory in the same manner  as all stories. Memory for events in your own life are also called  autobiographical memory .
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 4 Autobiographical Memory Updating Memory Accuracy and Confidence in Event Memory
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 5 What day is it today?  What day was it yesterday?   What day will it be tomorrow? Asked at Noon 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Days Seconds Today Yesterday Tomorrow
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 6 Noon versus Morning  0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Today Yesterday Tomorrow 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Today Yesterday Tomorrow Noon Morning
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 7 Noon versus Morning versus Evening  0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Today Yesterday Tomorrow 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Today Yesterday Tomorrow Noon Morning 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 Sun Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Today Yesterday Tomorrow Evening
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 8 Orienting to Time and Place Cues are determined by a person’s current plans and  expectations Cues are continually being updated. This keeps us oriented to time and place
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 9 Episodic Memory Updating Memory Accuracy and Confidence in Event Memory Role of Post-Event Information Effect of intentions on event memory Effect of questioning on confidence and accuracy Relationship between accuracy and confidence in event memory
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05/07/09 Episodic Memory 10 Memory for Facts versus Memory for Events Task Read a story and recall it some time later Memory Group asked to recall story Interactive Group asked to think about and react to story After they have read the story subjects told either consistent (+), inconsistent (-), or no (0) information with respect to the story Number of Subjects Producing Recall Errors (Out of 20) 2 Days 3 weeks 6 weeks Group 0 + - 0 + - 0 + - Memory Interactive 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 2 2 3 3 4 13 12
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2008 for the course PSYCH 305 taught by Professor Ingate during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Cognition 3 - Episodic Memory Episodic Hierarchy: episodes:...

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