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History II Notes

History II Notes - 1 Modern History II Notes The Slow Death...

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1 1/18/07 Modern History II Notes The Slow Death of Atlantic Slavery Tropical Staples: market for these goods drove the expansion of slavery beginning in the 15 th century, Europeans had more money to spend on luxuries and these items became very popular, all produced in the Americas with slave labor - Sugar - Tobacco - Coffee - Cotton - Rice Saint-Domingue (Haiti – Jewel of the French empire) produced half of the coffee and sugar in the Americas Harsh, unequal society – internally divided into three gourps African slaves were the majority (~500,000), poorly fed, brutally treated, 16 hour workdays Whites (~40,000) – some were rich landholders with massive plantations, half were poor working as artisans and petty traders in the cities Free people of color – many were wealthy, well-educated, many were slave-holders, discriminated against by the laws of the island, race played an important role in constructing the society When the French Rev. broke out in 1789, these people saw the opportunity in the slogan of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality Disagreed about whether or not the free people of color would get the same civil rights as whites wanted to maintain supremacy on the island Divisions turned into a civil war Discipline broke down on plantations w/civil war and slaves rebelled (1791) Rebellion produced leaders (L’Ouverture) who forged a powerful army liberated from slavery Three great powers of Europe tried to invade the island and reestablish slavery French under Napoleon, Great Britain, and Spain Success of Haitian Rebellion threatened all slavery – failed in an attempt to crush it Internationl impact of Haitin revolution: economically and ideologically in new orld Ideological – enslaved Africas – Haiti was an example to be followed (S. Carolina in 1802 – slave conspiracy to take over Charleston and drive out whites, New Granada in Venezuela in 1810 – rebellion, and in Virginia in 1800 there is a slave-led rebellion led by Gabriel, in 1812 Cubu – rumors of a Haitian general to arrive and abolish slavery) Slave-holders – became aware of the dangers of slavery, Saint Domingue was the most prosperous of the colonies and they still defeated the best armies of Europe Abolitionists – most in Britain, political activists pointed to Haiti as further evidence as to why slavery was wrong
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2 B r y a n E d w a r d s J a m a i c a n p l a n t e r a n d a u t h o r o f a t h r e e-volume history of British empire in Americas, member of Parliament, defender of the American Rev. – argued that the Haitian Rev. was caused by amas das noirs – French abolitionist society organized soon after the French Rev., influential in France – fanatical ideas of Africans having rights and that slavery was wrong, argued that ideas were catalysts to rebellion and the solution was that the abolitionists should be silenced (“Edwards thesis”), gives ideological and political support to the planters and impedes abolitionists for more than twenty years
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History II Notes - 1 Modern History II Notes The Slow Death...

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