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Unformatted text preview: Modern History II Notes – 1/25/07 The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Industrial Revolution in Britain was the precondition for the Industrial Revolution to spread across the world • Industrial Revolutions are each somewhat different in different places • Starts after 1815 in Western Europe – right across the English Channel and closes to where the first one takes place, began when Great Britain was still in the early phases on the revolution • Revolution starts through technology transfer – emulations or outright theft of intellectual property prior to patents and copyrights o 1764 – French crown hired a British metallurgist to build a canon foundry to improve the artillery of the French army – illegal under British law o 1810 – Francis Lowell visited Britain and toured some of Arkwright’s mills, memorized the plans, and built his own mills in New England roughly on the British model • Technology transfers happened on a relatively small scale before 1815, local industries began to change, but full-scale industrial revolutions did not occur o Didn’t happen before because the older model of production was still viable, and they were still able to meet demands using old technology • By 1815 the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars had destroyed the older modes of production in Western Europe, destroyed the guild systems as well • The social class that benefited the most from the French Revolution was the bourgeoisie because they were no longer regulated by absolute estates and enjoyed political freedoms • The National Assembly destroyed guilds • The Napoleonic Code did not allow for the continuation of guilds • With the transformation of the continent with the French Revolution, it makes the continent more similar to Great Britain with respect to the economy – allows innovation • Post 1815 – activist govn’ts begin to facilitate the economic innovations that help to bring about an industrial revolution, absolutist monarchies had not done that – bourgeoisie controlled the state now • Rapid advance of technology transfer o 1819 – Prussian state sent a locksmith to work in Great Britain to learn technologies of British machine building – built some of the first factories in Berlin with new information...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HS 032 taught by Professor Rugemer during the Spring '07 term at BC.
- Spring '07