History II Notes Feb 20

History II Notes Feb 20 - Modern History II Notes The...

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Modern History II Notes – 2/20/07 The United States in 1898 By the end of the 19 th  century the US controlled Cuba, the Phillipines, and had annexed Hawaii Announced plans to build a canal through Central America that they would control: Panama  Canal Spanish-American War in 1898 – result of the US’s role in the imperial race Long-term factors: economic, military, intellectual leading US to empire War began when the US intervened in Cuba’s second civil war of the 19 th  century – war for  indepence Independista movements – formed in the early part of the 19 th  century to break away from the  Spanish empire Cuba – Spain’s oldest colony, most dependent on slave labor (sugar island) o When the rest of Latin America formed independista movements sugar planters are very  concerned that slave insurrections will occur as they did in Haiti o Some independista movements did occur 10 Years War (1868-1878) – first war for independence, war was not  successful (Spain defeats movement) o Cuban slavery essential disappears because of war itself – many  independence leaders raised armies by freeing slaves o US businessmen invested millions in Cuban sugar industry because everything was  selling at low prices because of the sinking economy o Remnant of movement fled to NYC and reorganized, made strong ties between Cuba and  the US Jose Marti – leads the growing Hispanic community in NYC (mainly Cuban and  Puerto Rican), formed the Partido Revolucionario Cubano and printed a  newspaper called El Patria which was circulated throughout NYC and in Cuba  (where it was banned) Marti and party gradually built up support and an underground system in  Cuba, made another attempt at independence in 1895 Junta – formed in NYC, political tradition in Spain when a ruler was  overthrown, started to organize meetings, issuing news releases and  encouraged people of wealth to contribute to the movement for Cuban  independence
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