History II Notes March 15

History II Notes March 15 - Modern History II Notes 3/17/07...

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Modern History II Notes – 3/17/07 The Russian Revolution, 1905-1920 One of the most critical events of the 20 th  century – came nearer to a Marxist revolution than any  other Soviet Union demonstrates the viability of communism Common themes: modernization, class-based struggles, and use of violence and terror o Modernization  Rev. was late, rapid, and politicized Began only in the 1880s (30 years after the rest of Europe) Quick, intense, and completely unregulated revolution Led by Czar Nicholas II who was an autocrat, didn’t like unions Russia had workers and vast natural resources – ideal place for capitalist  industrialization Process was shocking for the working class because of the rapidity (peasants  quickly became workers in steel factories, etc.) – abrupt and painful  transformation Working class is bitter about their new lives o By the time Russia industrialized, Marxism was a force in Europe Communist Manifesto published in Russian in 1863 and Russian Marxists became  very active Politicized the IR Ushered society towards revolution o Class-Based struggles Tsar, Soldiers, Peasants, Capitalists, Workers Working class shows the revolutionary inclination in 1905 – series of strikes and  demonstrations, many of which turn violent – first real challenge to the Tsar’s  authority within Russia Precipitating result was the defeat of the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War War was 1904-1905, Tsar Nicholas and his advisors had sought war with  Japan – thought it would be a quick victory and would make the Tsar look  good and bolster the legitimacy of the Tsar’s regin – battle was for  Manchuria Japanese greatly extended their influence into Manchuria following the  war Japanese victory demonstrated the incompetence of the autocratic regime
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HS 032 taught by Professor Rugemer during the Spring '07 term at BC.

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History II Notes March 15 - Modern History II Notes 3/17/07...

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