Modern History II Notes – 3/29/07 People’s Century: 1939, Total War *How was the role of civilians in WWII different from their experiences in previous wars? Does this transformation have any echoes today? • Children sent away from the cities o Many British children were sent to the US, where they thought it was safer • Many civilians died as a result of air raids • Civilians were put to work producing arms and ships, among other things, to aid the war effort For average people in Europe, how were the expectations of war different in 1939 from what they had been in 1914? • Civilians expected to be attacked o Feared gas attacks Who coined the term “Total War” and what did in mean in 1939?
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