History II Notes April 24

History II Notes April 24 - Modern History II Notes 4/24/07...

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Modern History II Notes – 4/24/07 The Revolutions of 1979: Iran and Nicaragua Post-war world was increasingly dominated by US and Soviet interests Resulted in many new countries that were technically independent but were forced to align with  one of another superpower Similarities between the revolutions in Iran and Nicaragua o Similar role US played in both countries Supported oppressive regimes Pahlavis in Iran and Somozas in Nicaragua – both were dictators that  violated freedoms, used Western connections to bolster wealth and power,  suppressed political dissent through torture, imprisonment, and execution Central America became a crucial region for American interests, US began involvement in 1898 o Most of investment was in plantations and mining outfits o Became American policy to maintain political stability even if it meant military  intervention o 1911 Revolution in Nicaragua – US sent marines in, and also financial support to Adolfo  Diaz who had cooperated with US interests in the region Gained control of Nicaragua’s national bank, custom’s office, and 51% stake in  railroads o US marines remained until 1933 Monitored elections o Civil war broke out in 1932 over elections One side led by Juan Sacasa who had assistance from Mexico Others led by Emiliano Chamorro with help of marines Very unpopular in US, which brokered a deal in 1938 and left and brought Adolfo  Diaz back to presidency Augusta Sandino would not accept this settlement and for the next five years  waged a guerilla war like Mao in China and the Vietkong Had support of peasantry and resistance grew US created the Guardia Nacional – police force of 5,000 soldiers trained by US  officers to be completely neutral
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HS 032 taught by Professor Rugemer during the Spring '07 term at BC.

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History II Notes April 24 - Modern History II Notes 4/24/07...

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