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Unformatted text preview: (C=C) 3. Enantiomers- different in the spatial arrangement around asymmetric carbons-They are mere images (left verses right handed versions)-Their activity could be quite different • Biological activity of isomers can be quite different • Functional groups- groups of the atoms covalently attached to a carbon skeleton-Help determine Chemical Properties of a molecule-Function as a group in chemical functions Structure Function Behavior-OH Hydroxyl Group Polar-NH 2 Amino group Basic O-O-OH Carboxyl group Acidic O-C-H O-C-Carbonyl group Aldehydes Ketones-SH Sulfhydryl group Disulfide “bridge” Phosphate group Functions in energy transfer(ATP) (see figure 4.10 and memorize)...
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- Fall '07
- Functional group, Chemical bond, Carbonyl, carbon skeleton