SOC 340 EXAM 1 Study Guide - SOC 340 Sociology of Deviance EXAM 1 NOTES Lecture One Deviancy Deviancy is a violation of social norms Norms are

SOC 340 EXAM 1 Study Guide - SOC 340 Sociology of Deviance...

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SOC 340: Sociology of Deviance EXAM 1 NOTES Lecture One: Deviancy : Deviancy is a violation of social norms. Norms are behavioral codes and scripts conforming to acceptable standards that guide our actions and self-presentations. Who defines Deviance? o The ‘Everyman’ what is considered deviant by everyman or majority at that point in time. o The ‘majority’ in almost every group. What is deviant is changeable. The group can be large or small; size doesn’t matter. William Sumner’s (1906) Three Broad Categories: Folkways o Refers to simple everyday norms based on customs, traditions, or etiquette. o Informal sanction: not saying please or thank you and someone corrects you, EX: Don’t speak loudly in a library. Mores o Norms are based on broad social morals whose infraction would generate more serious social condemnation. o Morality, EX: Don’t have sex before marriage. o One step up from Folkways. Laws o The strongest social norms supported by codified social sanctions. o The highest level. More Norm Types: Prescriptive: o Tell us what to do. o Remember by ‘prescription’. o EX: You’re supposed to go to college. OR, say please when you want something. Proscriptive: o Tell us what not to do. o EX: Don’t drink when underage. OR, don’t chew with your mouth open. OR, don’t drive drunk. Roles: o A bundle of norms governing a ‘position’ in society. Societal Functions of Norms: Control Behavior – Most humans are controlled by normative structure, most conform, chaos inhibitor. Insures that society’s needs are met. o EX: Police officer or truck driver.
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Help us predict how others will behave. We know the norms, and we know that most people will conform to the norms. This knowledge gives us a sense of comfort. Contributes to order in society. We don’t like to be told what to do individually, but we do like to be controlled. EX: Walking on the right side of the sidewalk. Creation of Norms: Conflict Model – Powerful humans create the norms and impose them in everyone else. o EX: Upper class white protestant male powerful humans. Consensus Model – All types of humans agree about norms that should exist, therefore they come into existence. o EX: Women in the Military Crime & Deviancy: These are overlapping categories with independent dimensions. Some deviancy is not criminal. o EX: Stuttering, handicaps, physical shape. Some crimes are not deviant. o EX: Tax evasion is a crime, but generally does not violate social norms or bring moral censure. Ascribed & Achieved Status: Ascribed Deviant Status: o These are traits that someone is born with: o EX: Physical defects, being poor, race, height, weight, sex, things that often cannot be changed. o CAN HAPPEN AFTER WITH NO FAULT OF YOUR OWN! Achieved Deviant Status: o These are traits that someone has taken on: o EX: Alternative attitudes or beliefs, violating normative dress codes, joining a gang, becoming a student.
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