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Unformatted text preview: Latin American Leaders Victor Raul Haya de la Torre Peru One of the first populist/nationalist leaders. Criticized both as and by communists. He was never elected despite being in politics for 25 years - but he exemplifies how nationalistic leaders can have personal loyalties like a caudillo. Jorge Elicer Gaitn Colombia Never made the presidency. Reminded the peasants of his humble upbringing. He also had a dark mestizo color. Famous for denouncing a banana worker massacre and spoke out against oligarchies. His 1948 assassination caused the Bogotazo riots, which claimed more than 2000 lives. Lzaro Crdenas Mexico Mexican President in the 1930s. He was part of the populist movement. Mingled with the common people and rarely stayed in Mexico City. Traveled the country and listened to concerns from citizens. He is sometimes compared to FDR in that respect. Getlio Vargas Brazil He was the former dictator of Brazil and then made a comeback as a populist in the 1950s. During his dictatorship he created the Estado Novo, which persecuted the Communist Party. He later ran for president as a left-leaning populist, and won. Well liked by the lower class, despite previous political actions and questions of opportunism with workers rhetoric. Vargas committed suicide in office. Juan and Evita Pern Argentina Evita was a very well liked radio soap opera actress who worked with charities, etc. to help the poor. She called herself a translator between Juan and the rest of the people. Evita moved Juans appeal beyond industrial classes and into the rural poor. Juan tried to expropriate nearly all of the foreign owned enterprises in Argentina. He also heavily unionized the industrial workers. He also extended social services and the bureaucracy of Argentina. Porfiro Daz Mexico (1876-1911) He greatly increased the profits of Mexico, built a national rail system and expanded the cities. He crushed journalistic freedom with his carrot or stick method (buying them off or jailing them). He sold almost all of the land remaining in Indian control to speculators and also sold off vast public lands. He created a rural police to increase investor confidence. He greatly increased foreign investment, bringing about 25% of Mexican land, and almost all of the oil and silver. Daz left power after nationalist leaders began to protest against him and regional rebellions began occurring the most notable rebellion was that of Emiliano Zapata. Background on Latin America 1870-1960 Important Points: 1. Import-Export Model under liberals such as Porfiro Diaz 2. 1930 US relationships with Guatemala and Panama 3. WWII and FDRs Good Neighbor Policy 4. Cold War 1954 Guatemala and Arbenz Import-Export Model (1880 1910) Started by the liberals, who converted most people with the promise of economic success. Even conservatives went a long with liberal policies during the period because it brings them greater economic success and a...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 252 taught by Professor Haywood during the Spring '08 term at Allegheny.
- Spring '08