ES Notes-Mineral Groups to Rock Cycle

ES Notes-Mineral Groups to Rock Cycle - General Earth...

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General Earth Science Notes A. Mineral Groups p. 42-43 1. Silicate minerals - all have the basic building block of a silica tetrahedron (SiO4) a. Isolated - held together by cation (+) 1. Olivine 2. Garnet b. Chains  1. Single -> pyroxenes 2. Double -> amphiboles (hornblende) c. Sheets 1. Biotite 2. Muscovite d. Framework - 3D arrangement 1. Quartz 2.   2. Non-silicate minerals a. Carbonates - all have the carbonate ion (CO3 -2) 1. Calcite 2. Dolomite b. Sulfates - have a sulfate ion (SO4 -2) 1. Gypsum -> sheetrock c. Sulfides - economically important minerals with a sulfide ion (S -2) 1. Galena -> lead 2. Sphalerite -> zinc 3. Pyrite -> iron d. Oxides 1. Magnetite 2. Hematite 3. Corundum A. Rock Cycle - shows rock types and the processes involved in forming these rocks a. WESL - Weathering, Erosion, Sedimentation, Lithification b. Crystallize) -> Igneous c. Igneous Rocks - form from magma either at the surface (volcano) or 
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ES Notes-Mineral Groups to Rock Cycle - General Earth...

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