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Human Physiology with Vernier16 - 1LabQuest16Grip Strength Comparison The importance of hand strength and function is evident in all aspects of our daily living, from eating and maintaining personal hygiene to keyboarding at the computer, performing brain surgery, or playing tennis or the piano. People suffering from arthritis or hand injury quickly appreciate the difficulty of performing even the most mundane tasks with reduced grip strength.Testing of hand grip strength is used by orthopedic surgeons and physical therapists to evaluate the extent of an injury and the progress of recovery. Grip strength can also be used to diagnose neuromuscular problems such as stroke, herniated disks in the neck, carpal tunnel syndrome, and elbow tendonitis. Athletes are interested in grip strength because it relates to performance in many sports, such as tennis, golf, baseball, football, gymnastics, and rock climbing. Pinch strength is a way for occupational therapists to measure loss of fine-motor strength in thethumb, fingers, and forearm. It is useful for analyzing the extent of an injury and the outcome from surgery or therapy. In Part I of this experiment, you will measure and compare grip strength in your right and left hands. You will also correlate grip strength with gender, handedness, and height. In Part II you will analyze the pinch strength of each of your four fingers. Important: Do not attempt this exercise if you have arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, or any ailment that might be exacerbated by using the muscles of your arm and hand. Figure 1
16 - 2Human Physiology with VernierLabQuest 16OBJECTIVESIn this experiment, you willMeasure and compare grip strength of your right and left hands.Correlate grip strength with gender and certain physical characteristics.Compare the pinch strengths of the individual fingers of the dominant hand.MATERIALSLabQuestLabQuest AppVernier Hand DynamometerPROCEDUREEach person in the group will take turns being subject and tester. Part I Hand Grip Strength1.On the Opening screen, change the data-collection length to 10 seconds. Select OK.2.Zero the readings for the Hand Dynamometer.a.Hold the Hand Dynamometer along the sides, in an upright position(see Figure 2). Do not put any force on the pads of the HandDynamometer.b.When the readings stabilize, choose Zero from the Sensors menu.The readings for the sensor should be close to zero.3.Have the subject sit with his or her back straight and feet flat on thefloor. The Hand Dynamometer should be held in the right hand. Theelbow should be at a 90° angle, with the arm unsupported (see Figure 1). 4.Have the subject close his or her eyes, or avert them from the screen.5.Start data collection. After collecting 2 seconds of baseline data, instruct the subject to grip the sensor with full strengthfor the next 8 seconds. Data will be collected for 10 seconds.