Early Modern EnglandEarly Modern EnglandRise of Tudor, Stuart Dynasties; English Reformation, Conflicts with Spain, English Civil War, Glorious Revolution and aftermath, and later dynasties of British.Chapter 19, continued
Tudor Dynasty of England (1485-1603)Tudor Dynasty of England (1485-1603)•Henry VIII (1509-47)Becomes king in 1509 after his brother (1502) and father died – Henry Tudor (VII), 1485-1509•Failed Marriage to Catherine of Aragon causes the “English Reformation” due to a lack of a male heir(political reasons); seeks an annulment which leads to Henry forming the Anglican Church (1533).•Marries 2ndwife, Anne Boleyn; Act of Supremacy passed by Parliament (1534).•Marries 3rd wife, Jane Seymour leads to male heir (Edward VI).•Other 3 wives of Henry VIII (Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr)
Henry VIII (1509-1547)Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Six Wives of Henry VIIISix Wives of Henry VIII(Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour,(Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour,Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr)Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr)
King Edward VI and Queen Mary I
Elizabeth I (1558-1603)Elizabeth I (1558-1603)•Background of her siblings reigns –Edward VI; Mary I (“Bloody Mary”)•“The Virgin Queen” becomes England’s greatest monarch.(becomes Queen at age 25)•Rules after Mary Tudor and Edward VI during the so-calledElizabethan (Shakespearean) Era.•Re-establishes the Anglican Church•Major differences in Anglican Church are opposed by Catholics;many favor Mary, Queen of Scots.
Mary Stuart, Queen of ScotsMary Stuart, Queen of Scots•Mary Stuart of Scotland