p1_solutions - ENGRI 115 Engineering Applications of OR...

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Unformatted text preview: ENGRI 115 Engineering Applications of OR Fall 2007 Solutions Prelim 1 1. (20 points) Consider the following acyclic directed graph in which the number c ij on the edge ( i, j ) represents the length of the edge. 3 1 1 2 2 1 1 5 2 4 5 3 1 We want to determine the longest path from node 1 to node 5. (a) (15) Write down the recursive equations for the critical path method and solve them. SOLUTION: We give the solution by converting the sign of the edge costs (another formulation of the equations involves max instead of min). f (5) = min { f (4)- 1 , f (3)- 5 , f (2)- 2 } f (4) = min { f (3)- 1 , f (2)- 3 , f (1)- 2 } f (3) = min { f (1)- 1 } f (2) = min { f (1)- 1 } f (1) = min { } Thus, changing the order we solve: f (1) = min { } = 0 f (2) = min { f (1)- 1 } =- 1 , [1] f (3) = min { f (1)- 1 } =- 1 , [1] f (4) = min { f (3)- 1 , f (2)- 3 , f (1)- 2 } =- 4 , [2] f (5) = min { f (4)- 1 , f (3)- 5 , f (2)- 2 } =- 6 , [3] (b) (5) What is the longest path from 1 to 5 - and what is its length? SOLUTION: The longest path is from 1 to 5 is 1- 3- 5, which has length 6. 2. (30 points) (a) (10) In the graph G below, the bold edges denote a minimum spanning tree T . Indicate a test which uses out-of-tree edges to demonstrate minimality of T . 7 2 3 4 3 5 4 6 7 5 1 SOLUTION: In each step choose an outer-tree-edge e , and consider the unique cycle C that it forms with the spanning tree. If we have c e c f for all edges f C- e , then we must have a minimum spanning tree (see lecture about MSTs and Observation 6).and Observation 6)....
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p1_solutions - ENGRI 115 Engineering Applications of OR...

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