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FINALSTUDYGUIDE - Final Study Guide 1 The Presidency •...

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Final Study Guide 1 The Presidency War Powers Act - The President can deploy troops wherever he wants to for 60 Days, then Congress can decide whether or not to declare war Budget and Impoundment Control Act - 1974 - Requires the president to spend all appropriated funds unless he first tells Congress what funds he wishes not to spend and Congress, within 45 days, agrees to delete the items. Executive Order - Rules enacted by the President to hold the bureaucracy accountable - Cannot undo existing laws Signing Statement - Clarifies legislation - Allows the President to rewrite a law on their own - Clarifies language Executive Agreement - A Treaty that does not require senatorial agreement - Can be undone by Congress by passing a law Veto Process - A veto is when a president disapproves of a bill passed by both houses of congress. - Veto Message: statement accompanying bill saying why president does not want it passed, sent in 10 days (not including Sundays) - Pocket Veto: A bill fails to become a law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns - 2/3 of both houses must vote to override a veto: rarely happens Group Think - President counts on his advisors and co-workers to help in decision making because he does not want to be held accountable for it alone. - Characteristics: some think it’s responsible for foreign policy disasters, - Mindguards: communicate what the President comes up with as a decision - Self-Censorship: people agree with the president b/c they don’t want to be unpatriotic Executive Privilege - Because Congress and the white house are separate branches, they should keep their decisions separate - President cannot be called in to testify - Protects separation of powers Article II - Powers of President: Serve as Commander in Chief of the armed forces, commission officers of the armed forces, grant reprieves and pardons for federal offenses, convene congress in special sessions, receive ambassadors, take care
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Final Study Guide 2 that the laws be faithfully executed, wield the “executive power,” appoint officials to lesser offices - Powers of President and Senate: make treaties, appoint ambassadors, judges, and high officials - Powers of President and Congress: approve legislation Line-Item Veto - An executive’s ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature - Not used: unconstitutional Impoundment - When the President does not spend all money appropriated to them for a specific job Rally around the Flag Effect - People forget about partisan politics and support their leaders in trials of national security (such as 9/11). - We should worry about what our leaders will do in the future while using this approach Presidential Roles - Chief of State - Chief Diplomat - Commander in Chief - Chief Legislator - Chief Bureaucrat Legislative Veto - The authority of Congress to block a Presidential action after it has taken place - UNCONSTITUTIONAL Impeachment -
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