my real study guide - Exam 2 Study Guide Part One: Public...

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Exam 2 Study Guide Part One: Public Opinion 1. Definition of Public Opinion How people think or feel about particular things. 2. Random Sample Method of selecting from a population in which each person has an equal  probability of being selected. 3. Sampling Error The difference between the results of random samples taken at the same  time. Example: A random sample shows that 70% of all voters approve of the  president and another says that 65% do, so the sampling error is 5%. 4. Exit Polls Polls based on interviews conducted on Election Day with randomly  selected voters. Proven accurate when randomly selected. 5. Political Socialization Definition: Process by which background traits influence one’s political  views. Sources: Children being influenced politically by their parents, class, race,  religion, gender, etc. Book Says: Family, Religion, The Gender Gap, Schooling and Information 6. Salience/ Opinion Saliency Some people care more about certain issues than other people do. 7. Difference between Mass and Elite Opinion Elite Opinion: The opinion of people who have a disproportionate amount  of some valued resource—money, schooling, prestige, political power, etc.  They know more about politics than we do, and they think differently about  it. 
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Exam 2 Study Guide Mass Opinion: Opinion of the masses, usually the opinion of the average  citizen.  8. Generational Gaps in Issue Attitudes 18-29: Support social security, favor school vouchers, family values are  slightly more important than the rights of women, and gay marriage should  be legal. 30-49: Support social security, split on school vouchers, split on gay  marriage, family values WAY over women’s rights. 50-64: Oppose social security, oppose school vouchers, and oppose gay  marriage, family rights over women’s rights. 65+: Oppose social security, oppose school vouchers, oppose gay  marriage, family values way over women’s rights. 9. Religion as a Source of Attitude Difference Catholics mirror general public: prayer in school effective Evangelicals and Jews differ widely on that question Religious influences on public opinion are most pronounced with respect  to social issues and less evident in others. Only 1 in 10 rank religious  beliefs as the biggest influence in their thinking about Iraq, but 40% claim  that religious beliefs are the biggest influence on Gay Marriage. 10.The Gender Gap
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course GPOSC 225 taught by Professor Sulfaro during the Fall '07 term at James Madison University.

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my real study guide - Exam 2 Study Guide Part One: Public...

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