Hiustory final - Baby Boom The population increase which resulted from the high birthrate between 1946 and 1964 This generation created a strain on

Hiustory final - Baby Boom The population increase which...

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Baby Boom The population increase which resulted from the high birthrate between 1946 and 1964. This generation created a strain on hospitals as it was born, in schools and colleges as it received its education, a glut in potential employees in the 1960s and 1970s, and, currently, threatens the Social Security and Medicare systems. Truman Doctrine The American policy, developed in 1947 in response to conditions in Greece and Turkey, which promised U.S. support to people resisting armed subjugation. The Truman Doctrine marks the shift in U.S. policy from isolationism to international cooperation and leadership. It had an ideological tone, committing theU.S. to resist communism everywhere, effectively making the U.S. into a national security state with a permanent military and more power vested in the President. Tet Offensive The North Vietnamese offensive of 1968 which showed that U.S. reports of imminent victory were misleading. Although the Tet Offensive resulted in a military defeat for the North Vietnamese, it was a strategic and political victory for North Vietnam because it discredited Washington's argument that U.S. victory inevitable and imminent, undermined U.S. morale, and it increased opposition to the war in the U.S. Johnson refused to grant requests for more troops and, on March 31, Johnson announced he would not seek re-election. Reducing U.S. involvement became a near necessity politically, affecting Nixon's policiesNSC (National Security Council) National security council paper drafted by paul Nitze and delivered to Truman in 1950 which provided a black and white view on future U.S. cold war policy. OPEC (Organization Of Petroleum Exploring Countries) An association formed by oil producing nations from the third would in 1960 to gain a voice for themselves in setting prices and production quotes for petroleum.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 The legislation passed under Johnson which outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and institutions and banned discriminatory hiring on grounds of race, gender, religion, or national origin. Thisand the Voting Rights Act of 1965 formed the climax of the nonviolent phase of the Civil Rights Movement and became the basis for equal civil rights for all. Voting Rights Act of 1964 It was a voting rights act that forced compliance of the 14th and 15thh amendment, that allowed AfricanAmericans the right to vote. Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954 which overturned the "separate but equal" doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson, saying separate is inherently unequal, and which led to a 1955 order to desegregate public schools "with all deliberate speed."Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision of 1973 which legalized abortion. The decision represents the results of the sexual revolution and the strides made by women to gain equal rights as well as the politics of reaction which saw the decision as a threat to traditional values and thus created the "right to life" movement.

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