PRISM Affirmative - MNDI 2015 - Prism Affirmative 1AC...

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Prism Affirmative
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1AC
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Observation 1 – NSA Overreach The NSA’s PRISM program is being used to collect surveillance data from US companies – this overreach undermines US credibility on internet freedom Wheeler, 14 - Marcy Wheeler is an independent journalist and PhD from the University of Michigan. She specializes in civil liberties, technology, and national security. (Marcy, “The Drama Ahead: Google versus America” 6/16, - google-versus-america This leaves one central drama to play out, in which Google and other tech companies (and to a much lesser extent, a few telecoms) begin to push back against the NSA’s overreach. It’s not just that U.S. cloud (and other tech) companies stand to lose billions as their clients choose to store data locally rather than expose it easily to the NSA. It’s also that the NSA violated several aspects of the deal the Executive Branch made six years ago with the passage of the FISA Amendments Act (FAA ), Section 702 of which authorizes the PRISM program and domestic upstream collection . Congress passed the FISA Amendments Act several years after the New York Times’ exposure of the illegal wiretap program, ostensibly to address a technical problem used to justify that program. Technology had changed since the analog and radio world in place when FISA was first passed in 1978. Now, much of the world’s communications including those of extremists who were targeting America – were sitting in Google’s and Yahoo’s and Microsoft’s servers within the U nited S tates. So Congress authorized the NSA to conduct collection inside the U nited S tates on targets located outside of the country (which swept up those who communicated with those targets, wherever they were located). In exchange , the government and its supporters promised, it would extend protections to Americans who were overseas . Yahoo and Google played by the rules , as the PRISM slide released last June revealed. The data of both Yahoo and Google have been readily available for any of the broad uses permitted by the law since January 2009. Yet, in spite of the fact that the NSA has a legal way to obtain this Internet data inside the U nited S tates using PRISM, the government also broke in to steal from Yahoo and Google fiber overseas . That’s an important implication of Sanchez’ point that “modern communications networks obliterate many of the assumptions about the importance of geography.” American tech companies now store data overseas, as well as in the United States . Americans’ data is mixed in with foreigners’ data overseas. Many of
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the more stunning programs described by Snowden ’s documents – the collection of 5 billion records a day showing cell location, NSA partner GCHQ’s collection of millions of people’s intimate webcam images, and, of course, the theft of data from Google and Yahoo’s servers – may suck up Americans’ records too. Plus there’s evidence the NSA is accessing U.S. person data overseas . The agency permits specially trained analysts
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  • Fall '13
  • Government, Federal government of the United States

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