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Chapter 2 Notes - CULTURECulture The shared values beliefs...

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February 13, 2007 C ULTURE - Culture- The shared values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects of human society that together form a people’s way of life. - Collectively, humans manufacture culture like they manufacture any other tangible or intangible project for their use. Therefore, Culture is all of the shared material and nonmaterial projects of human society. - N ORMS - Shared rules and guidelines that prescribe the behavior appropriate in a given situation (it is a guideline of how people should behave in particular situations). - F OLKWAYS - The ordinary usages and conventions of everyday life (e.g. how to eat, how to dress, to speak, etc, in given situations) - M ORES - Strong norms that are regarded as morally significant and violations of them are considered a serious matter. (pronounced: more-ray) (i.e. taboo ) (cont…) February 20, 2007 (…cont.) - V ALUES - Shared ideas about what is good, right, and desirable to a given group, culture, or society NOTE : The difference between values and norms is that values are abstract, general concepts, whereas norms are specific guidelines for people in particular kinds of situations. ( Values are broad principles that underlie beliefs.) - B ELIEFS - Something believed or accepted as true, or specific statements that people hold to be true. - Early humans had many phyriscal disadvantages relative to many other animals. Eg.: Were slower, weaker, had poorer eyesight, poorer hearing, a poor sense of smell, etc. In spite of these disadvantages, our early ancestors were able to survive, prosper, and dominate nature.
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HOW? The large, sophisticated brain enabled humans ( Homo Sapiens ) to create Cultural Survival Kits . The Cultural Survival Kit consists of three main tools: abstraction , cooperation , and production .
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