Intro to Sociology - Chapter 1 Notes

Intro to Sociology - Chapter 1 Notes - SOCIOLOGY...

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January 30, 2007 S OCIOLOGY : P ERSPECTIVE , T HEORY , AND M ETHOD S OCIOLOGY - The scientific (systematic) study of human society and social behavior. - all based on theories of social world - What are the social causes and consequences of human behavior? -influenced by inner and out stimuli - Differs from psychology because sociology focuses on group patterns rather than an individual behavior and attributes. i.e. civil rights movement segregation women’s rights - these all bring change to society H ISTORY OF S OCIOLOGY Three major revolutions that gave rise to sociology: Scientific Revolution (1550) - It encouraged the view that sound conclusions about the workings of society must be based on solid evidence, not just speculation. - this challenged the church - People usually looked to the church for their social problems e.g. Speculation: - Newton’s Laws of Motion - Copernicus’s theory that the Earth revolves around the sun - 1609- Galileo confirmed Copernicus’s theory by a telescope to observe the stars Democratic Revolution (1750) - People began to accept the idea that humans organize society and that human intervention (not some supernatural power) can therefore resolve social problems. i.e. One can solve problem of poverty by supplying good jobs with good money. (human intervention) - There is a deliberate way to change society Industrial Revolution (1780s) - The large scale application of science and technology to industrial processes, the creation of factories, and the formation of a working class.
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- opened up businesses and shops in major cities - rural areas were based on farms - mostly owned on kinship, noble, elite people and peasants worked on the land (serfs) - When factories opened up, they were able to produce in larger numbers at a cheaper rate and much faster. - peasants now flocked to urban areas to work as industrial workers in factories - therefore, cities became overpopulated, creating slums (and thus social problems) and the working class (middle class) - This attraction to work in factories created a host of new and serious social problems that attracted the attention of social thinkers - increase in disease, divorce, and class problems 1. T HE S OCIAL P ERSPECTIVE : P IONEERS OF S OCIOLOGY C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) - The idea that you can best understand your personal experiences and problems by examining their broader social context (by looking at the big picture). 2. T
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Intro to Sociology - Chapter 1 Notes - SOCIOLOGY...

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