CLA204 Sep 17 Two overarching concepts o Greeks were a polytheistic society. (an entire pantheon of Greek gods. All with different attributes and concerns) A hierarchy. Zeus is on top. But it does not dimish the status of other gods. Greeks were very flexible. No rules, holy book, text, scriptures, etc. can focus worship on a single god/multiple/or an attribute of an god as long as you don’t deny the other gods’ existence. o Greek gods were believed to be anthropomorphic. (they looked like people) Greek gods had superhuman powers but they had very human personalities along with a lot of flaws that we would think of as more human. That is petty, jealous, lust, etc. Xenophanes: calls the Greeks out on this. Says it is ridiculous for Greeks to think gods are just like people and worship as such. In other words, the idea of cow gods seems ridiculous to the Greeks but if you were cows, you would think the gods were like cows. o In some ways, has a point. In Christianity, the divine is kind of a role model. Ex: exception, swear oath by riverstick. But gods basically get to do whatever they want and get away with it. Zeus king of the gods. Lightening and thunder. Responsible for rain. Justice. Active libido. Hera Peacocks are her animal. Zeus’ wife. Associated with marriage. Jealous and vindictive. Queen. Poseidon Associated with the sea, ocean, horses, earthquakes, Atlantis. Demeter Associated with the harvest, fertility, grain. Hestia Goddess of the hearth. Boring. Aphrodite Love, sex, Apollo The sun, reason, wisdom, the oracles, god of prophecy, music, justice and order, sight, medicine, sends plagues. Sickness and health. Artemis Apollo’s twin sister. Moon. (Apollo is sun) a virgin. Hunting, and wild animals. Athena Olive tree, war, exploded out of Zeus’ head, nobility, has a cloak with snaky head. Her bird is the owl. Crafts like household stuff. Athens is named after her. Hephaestus Other side of crafting, the carpenting blacksmith side of crafting. Son of Hera. Walks with a limp. Very ugly. Married to Aphrodite. Ares war and violence.
Hermes The messenger god. The patron of thieves? The trickster god. God of open spaces. Transitions. Guides souls from the world of living to the world of dead. Hades god of the dead. Basically all he does. Dionysus God of celebration. Ecstacy. Madness and phrezy. God of the theatre. Half goat half men guys following him around. Persephone Daughter of Demeter. Changing of the seasons. Fertility and agriculture like her mom. Asclepius Medicine and healing. Gods are constantly in competition with each other. Are aggressive, hold grudges, and they don’t forgive. The collateral damage is almost always, suffered by humans when gods are fighting.