Managing Conflict - MANAGING CONFLICTS AND NEGOTIATIONS...

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MANAGING CONFLICTS AND NEGOTIATIONS Table of Contents Table of Contents .................................................................... 1 Abstract .................................................................................. 2 The Birth of Unions .................................................................. 3 The State of the Union ............................................................ 4 Conflicts in Organizations ........................................................ 5 Negotiations and Collective Bargaining ................................... 6 Union and Non-union Organizations ........................................ 7 Conclusion ............................................................................ 10 References ............................................................................ 11 0
MANAGING CONFLICTS AND NEGOTIATIONS Abstract This paper provides information gathered from researching several sources that defines how unions were started in the United States and abroad. According to the Academic American History it is believed that unions started during the Gilded Ages (Academic American History, 2010). Many unions exist in America today and bargaining between union employees and the employer is a common entity. Unions are designed to benefit employees and managers by settled negotiations, conciliation, arbitration, investigation, and formal inquiry (Mitke, 2011). Keywords: labor unions, negotiations, Industrial Revolution, Gilded Ages, collective bargaining 1
MANAGING CONFLICTS AND NEGOTIATIONS The Birth of Unions Unions can be defined as a body of people mostly labor workers who have joined forces with each other for the betterment of their health and welfare. Their primary goal is to ensure that their employers do not treat them unfairly. The Gilded Age which is the time period in which the United States experienced an enormous amount of growth in the economy and in population is when our nation saw the formation of unions. This time period is also known as the Industrial Revolution (Wiki, Gilded Age, 2011). The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britian in the 18 th century. Different countries saw the economic impact and then followed suit. The United States, France, and Germany joined in the revolution. The U. S. economy grew enormously between 1870 and 1880. According to Wikipedia, “the output of wheat increased by 256%, corn by 222%, coal by 800% and miles of railway track by 567%” (Wikipedia, n.d.), thus the birth of railroads. With industries on the rise, laborers were in great demand. Shortly after the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the laborers began to resent their “masters”. They felt as though they were slaves; working hard with very little compensation. Hard labor, long hours, unpleasant working conditions, and under paid 2
MANAGING CONFLICTS AND NEGOTIATIONS workers was the state of many American workers. Men, women and even children were exploited. It was even more horrid for the illegal immigrant workers that labored on American soil. Laborers had to endure managers who were impersonal, unfair, arrogant, boisterous, intimidating, ruthless, cold hearted, and the list can go on and on. The types of workers were unskilled however they would perform their job without complaints. Many of the workers were working in manufacturing, construction, and transportation. This class of people became known as the “working poor”. Many poor families had to send their children to work instead of school. This bought another set of issues as school Truant officers often visited factories for this type of child exploitation.

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