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Rite Of Passage To AdolescenceThis presentation will indicate the transition to adolescence as it is reflected in two other cultures compared with the American.•The Maasai – Africa- Rituals- Social affect- Cognitive affect•The Jewish – Israel- Rituals- Social affect- Cognitive affect
Points of Comparison •Age – In time of transition•Ceremony – What is performed•Symbol – Meaning is tradition•Social Effect – How it changes reality•Cognitive Effect – How it changes mentally•Physical Effect – How it changes physically
MaasaiThere are a few significant rites of passage in the Maasai culture and they are all accompanied with rituals:•Birth & childhood•Puberty•Worriorhood – Males•Marriage – Females•Marriage & adulthood – Males•Adulthood – Females•Elderhood•Death
PubertyMaasai children are having a naming ceremony on their first or second birthday. After that, they are only expected to help with growing and caring for crops and cattle. The next rite of passage is puberty.•Circumcision – For both males & females.- Female – At the onset of puberty- Males – Between the ages of 11 & 14
Female CircumcisionIn attempt to prepare a female for a “responsible married life”, according to Massai tradition, they are being circumcised in order to prevent sexual pleasure.•At the onset of puberty (period)•The girls go through the ceremony and wear all black•After two months the girl is allowed to wear colors again•Once the girl is healed and wearing colors she is ready for marriage
Male CircumcisionMale Maasai are being raised to become shepherds and warriors. Circumcision is the ceremony that takes them from childhood to adulthood and finally into warriorhood. Here are the stages that male Maasai have to go through.•At the age of 11 to 14•A male Massai herds cattle on his own for a week before circumcision•The ceremony is performed and the boy wears black for to eight months after the ceremony•After the ceremony is completed the boy receives gifts and live stock•Once he is healed, he becomes a warrior and resumes responsibility on securing their territory
Physical EffectMaasai kids are forced to mature early. It is a tradition that they are raised to look forward to. Physically Maasai males and females are ready for the transition.