Midterm Study Guide - SLAV2360 Dracula Slavic Prehistory...

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SLAV2360: Dracula Slavic Prehistory Slavs = ethnolinguistic group o “Slav” means “people of the word” o They thought they spoke the only true language o Had no writing system for 2000-3000 years (so no direct interpretation of Slavic prehistory) o Slavic languages all used to be all 1 language they were intertwined so it’s very complicated o Russians love poets so spoken word was very important to them Sources of study for Slavic prehistory 1. Historical sources: mostly from non-Slavs so they were sometimes racist 2. Archaeology: gravesites especially (they worshipped ancestors) 3. Ethnography: national costumes, crafts, food traditions 4. Linguistics: looking at older forms of language for example, it is believed that the original homeland was near Poland beca use “beach trees” (like the word they used for home) is abundant near the Carpathian Mountains at the border of Poland and Ukraine Lifestyle of early Slavs o 3000 2000 BC: hunter gatherers & migration o 2000 500 BC: settle into the region between Poland & Ukraine with Carpathian Mountain border with rich black soil o 500 BC 20 AD: more settled society Primary building material was wood (they worship trees/nature) Lived in a matriarchal “utopian” society Slavic settlements o o Personal level: very extended family life Long house for community Homes for extended families around the long house Wooden walls around society Near a river
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Elder female (and male but less so) was in power o Territorial level: everything was held and used in common/shared o Economic level: everything was for the benefit of the whole First Slavic Migration: 476 AD o No evidence of weapons until this time period o In 476 AD = fall of Rome (power source of whole Europe) 1. Collapse of Roman Empire (strained by constant attacks from German tribes) 2. Germanic tribes move west 3. Slavs became aware of better areas (more advanced societies that had advances such as cement) 4. Became armed (and patriarchal societies because of warfare) 5. Possible climate change (volcanic eruption in 535 AD) but this is debated First Slavic Migration: 476 AD 1. Urbanization (immigrants) 2. Cultural shift furthered altered identity 3. Populated several areas: Bulgaria, Kiev, Moravia a. Proto-Bulgars were Turkish & muslims b. In Kiev (Ukraine) they were Vikings c. In Moravia (Prague) they were Christian (Charlemagne) and German Franks Slavs were originally pagan o Hunter gatherers usually practice animism Animism (belief that places and natural things have spirits) was common for people on the move After settling down, animism transitions to shamanism with priests/soothsayers o Pagan practices 1. Numinous place a. Numinous place is seen as supernatural because science can’t explain what happened there so place becomes special b. Example: Delphic Oracle (Greek) had fissure in rocks that let off natural gas oracle/priest huffed gas & babbled horoscopes (oracle was a soothsayer) 2. Soothsayer a. AKA shaman or oracle b.
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