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Lecture 1 - How are they connected together 2 Note...

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1/14/08 BIOL 002 Lecture 1 study outline Log on to D2L and examine course web site This is where the study guides will be posted Reading: the syllabus Chapter 3 (p. 35-45, 48-53, 55-57) (a review from Biol 001) If you haven't had a course in chemistry, also read chapter 2. Objectives of reading and lecture 1: Objectives of this course How to study biology Basic structures of the important biomolecules Textbook reading: Biomolecules chapter 3 (p. 35-45, 48-53, 55-57) Review of material introduced in Biol 001 A. Proteins 1. What are amino acids and how do they differ from each other? How are their differences important? 2. What is a peptide bond? 3. What is meant by the following levels of structure? Primary, Secondary, Tertiary,Quaternary 4. Example (presented in lecture): carbonic anhydrase , an enzyme B. Nucleic Acids 1. What is a nucleotide?
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Unformatted text preview: How are they connected together? 2. Note ATP (nucleotide) How does it differ from AMP, a nucleotide found in nucleic acids? C. Lipids 1. Structure: the “fatty” molecules 2. Phospholipids and membranes Most phospholipids are glycerophospholipids phosphate and fatty acids are connected to glycerol Biological membranes are lipid bilayers How do they prevent polar molecules (especially ions) from penetrating? Why is that crucial in respiration and photosynthetic bioenergetics? D. Carbohydrates 1. Sugars: glucose, fructose and glyceraldehyde are important in glycolysis (lecture 4) ribose and deoxyribose are part of nucleic acids Which nucleic acids have which? Which ribose is in ATP? 2. Polysaccharides: Important in biology but not in this course....
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