chapter_2_3 - The Planting of English America AP US History Chapter 2 Englands Imperial Stirrings England has stayed out of Spains way up to this

chapter_2_3 - The Planting of English America AP US History...

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AP US HistoryChapter 2The Planting of English America
England’s Imperial StirringsEngland has stayed out of Spain’s way up to this point (1600)AlliesProtestant Reformation (1530’s) ends this when Queen Elizabeth I takes the throne. (Unity)Now they are Religious Rivals.html
Queen Elizabeth I Energizes EnglandEncourages Sir Francis Draketo loot Spanish ships = profit for England. Knights him on the deck of looted Spanish vessel under protest.Wants to bring religious unity=Protestantism
Queen Elizabeth I Energizes EnglandSpanish Armada- 1588 Phillip II of Spain used imperial gains from New World to build “Invincible Armada” of ships for invasion of England.Destroyed by smaller/faster English vesselsNew World politics shift: England Spain England now has the characteristics to succeed in the New World1.Unified nation-state under popular monarch2.Measure of religious unity3.Sense of nationalism-engraving-showing-the-Spanish-Armada-July-1588
England on Eve of EmpireWhy was England ready to become a New World Empire?1.Population Boom3 million people in 1550 4 million in 1600 = workers2.Crop lands enclosed for sheep grazing = less work for small farmers = motivation3.Economic Depression in wool trade (late 1500’s) = workers/motives4.Laws of primogenitureOnly oldest sons allowed to inherit land estates5.Peace with Spain after Spanish Armada = opportunity6.Joint stock companies form =financial means
English Settlements of the New WorldTwo Early Failures = Roanoke and NewfoundlandJamestown- founded by the Virginia Company of London (1607)Used Virginia Model = profit model140 SettlersNot Organized due to mindsetOnly 38 survived first winterJohn Smith- 1608 brought leadership to the colony“He who shall not work shall not eat”Peaceful relations w/ the Indians (Powhatan=chief, Pocahontas)
Cultural Clashes in Chesapeake1stAnglo-Powhatan War (1610-1614)Cause:English raided Indian food supplies, Virginia Company ordered Lord De La Warr to attack.Result:Peace sealed by marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe2ndAnglo-Powhatan War (1644)Cause: Same as the 1st. Last effort by Indians to dislodge English.Result:Peace treaty of 1646. Banned Indians from ancestral lands separating them from whites (origins of reservation system)
Cultural Clashes in ChesapeakeIndians fell victim to the THREE D’s1.Disease-natives were vary susceptible to new disease2.Disorganization-lacked unity as a whole compared to military minded English3.Disposability-The Indians served no economic function to the settlers.SETTLERS WANTED LAND AND INDIANS JUST GOT IN THE WAY!!
The Indians “New World”Characteristics of the “New World” Indians now faced.

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