chapter_8_powerpoint_apush - America Secedes From The Empire AP US History Chapter 8 2nd Continental Congress(1775 Goal To have their grievances

chapter_8_powerpoint_apush - America Secedes From The...

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America Secedes From The Empire AP US HistoryChapter 8
2ndContinental Congress (1775)Goal:To have their grievances redressed by the king and parliament.Colonists are still not looking for IndependenceWhat did they do?1.Raise funds for an Army and Navy2.Appoint George Washington over Continental Army3.Issued Currency
Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings (Early Victories)June 1775, On the 3rdattempt the British captured Bunker Hill.British suffered significant casualties (1/3 of deployed force)Olive Branch Petition:July 1775 the Continental Congress professed American loyalty and begged the king to prevent further warfareAfter Bunker Hill King George III slammed the door on reconciliation.1.Declared colonies rebellious in August 1775 (Now Treason) with the Prohibitory Act2.Hired Hessiansto help crush the colonial uprising
The Abortive Conquest of CanadaGoal:Success would add a 14thcolony and deprive Britain from a northern base of attack.Problem:Contradicted the claim that colonists were fighting defensively for redress of their grievancesOutcome:Almost successful but turned back at their attack on Quebec
Thomas Paine Preaches Common SenseWhy did American’s continue to deny any intention of Independence?1.Loyalty was deeply engrained2.Colonial unity was still poor (Getting better)3.Open rebellion was treason = deathWhy did the Americans mindset change?1.Brutal/violent acts of the British2.Burning of Falmouth, Maine3.Hiring Hessians
Thomas Paine: Common SenseThomas Paine:Author of Common Sense(1776). He was a radical thinker.Thought:Believed that the only lawful stateswere those that derive their just powers from the consent of the governed”Importance:He convinced the American people that their true cause was independence rather than reconciliation
Independence vs. Reconciliation1.W/O independence as their goal they would get no foreign aide2.The colonists are beginning to interpret the vengeful royal acts of previous decades as a monarchical conspiracy to strip them of their libertiesas British subjects3.Still not everyone wanted a full radical republicReason:It brought more equality to everyone, aristocratic individuals still wanted their voice to be heard loudest.
“these United States are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states.” Richard Henry Lee (June 7, 1776)
Jefferson’s “explanation” of Independence

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