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Study Questions - David Lane Study Questions#3 1 In the...

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David Lane Study Questions #3 1) In the Physics, Aristotle discusses 4 types of causes. Give two examples of each. 1) “that out of which” a. The brick of a brick wall b. The bronze of a penny 2) “the form” a. The shape of the brick wall b. A 2:1 ratio 3) “the primary source of the change or rest” a. Being a father of a child b. Giving advice that affects one’s life 4) “the end, that for the sake of which a thing is done” a. Taking medication to help against illness b. Running to increase health 2) Aquinas offers 5 proofs for the existence of God. Quote each proof and restate in your own terms. “The first and more manifest way is the argument from motion. It is certain, and evident to our senses, that in the world some things are in motion. Now whatever is in motion is put in motion by another, for nothing can be in motion except it is in potentiality to that towards which it is in motion; whereas a thing moves inasmuch as it is in act. For motion is nothing else than the reduction of something from potentiality to actuality. But nothing can be reduced from potentiality to actuality, except by something in a state of actuality. Thus that which is actually hot, as fire, makes wood, which is potentially hot, to be actually hot, and thereby moves and changes it. Now it is not possible that the same thing should be at once in actuality and potentiality in the same respect, but only in different respects. For what is actually hot cannot simultaneously be potentially hot; but it is simultaneously potentially cold. It is therefore impossible that in the same respect and in the same way a thing should be both mover and moved, i.e. that it should move itself. Therefore, whatever is
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David Lane in motion must be put in motion by another. If that by which it is put in motion be itself put
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