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UC Davis - ANT 148A - Midterm 2 Material

UC Davis - ANT 148A - Midterm 2 Material - ANT 148A Part...

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ANT 148A – Part II 4/30/07 Lecture 10 – Governing and Biopolitics I Introduction - China’s population problem o Largest population in the world o Problems land resources…what amount of land can be used for agriculture o Lot of areas of land isn’t suitable for agriculture o Conflict is the cause for china’s underdevelopment and backwardness o Cities incredibly crowded and people have to compete for space and resources in China. - Rationale for population control o Closely tied to economic development and modernization…this is a desire not only of officials but the people o Without declining fertility rates, then China will never be able to become a developed country. Per-capital income is little o Deng Xiaoping – wanted to have economic development and limit population size. - Individual/family desires versus national interest o If individual family desires verses government goals to limit family life. o Is it possible at all to reconcile this problem… o The government stance is that individuals should sacrifice their needs for the collective well being of the nation…related to confucious culture This has been heavily criticized by human rights groups This is the suppression of individual choices is a big no-no for human rights groups Book doesn’t mention much about the religious view of this whole problem. The practice itself is highly problematic and the method of doing it, but for people who don’t know china very well, it helps to know why the government would want to know why - What does this book do o The book tries to do several things 1 st - Motivation and rational for population control (state control) 2 nd - Discusses internal and multidimensional account of the problems 3 rd part – gives sense of the shifting form of biopolitics in china. Gives you an understanding of how population becomes the central problem for the government. Why and how government intervenes in human population Governmentalization of Population
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Michel Foucault, French Theorist – offer new way of understand powering 1 st - Discourse very important as a forum of power 2 nd – see power as both repressive and productive aspects and produces new forums of subjects and institutions. 3 rd – power in always in relationship and not in isolation - To extend the notion of governance beyond state apparatuses and include a wide range of arenas and processes (Such as Non Governmental Organization, professional, the self) to shape people’s conducts - Intervention by government in the conventional sense (directly state planning and control) - Disciplining of conduct by nonstate social institutions, agencies, and professionals, and the cultivation of self-regulating individuals 1) Regime capacity – political science perspective a. See the state as a multilayered entity including the government party, military, state institutions (hospitals, schools, factories, etc) 2) Biopower – social theory a. Population as the central target and problems of modern power. The
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UC Davis - ANT 148A - Midterm 2 Material - ANT 148A Part...

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