topic 3 - TOPIC 3 FEDERALISM INTRODUCTION A Federalism is...

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TOPIC 3: FEDERALISM INTRODUCTION A. Federalism is another way to divide power 1. 10 th amendment: states coequal & independent. a. Powers not specifically granted to the federal government, or prohibited to all governments, is left to the states and the people. b. Primary institutional feature of the U.S. Const. B. Political Conflict 1. Struggle about which level government. has the authority to decide “who gets what” 2. Struggle between Federalist & Anti-Federalist: debate about roles of state & national governments I. DEFINITIONS: DIFFERENT WAYS TO DIVIDE GOVERNMENTAL POWER A. Confederation 1. Central government. subordinate to the regional governments a. No direct grant of power from the constitution. b. Central government can exercise only powers delegated by the regional governments 2. Typical Features of Confederation a. Weak central government b. Right of component parts to withdraw c. Unanimous consent to change constitution 3. Examples: Articles of Confederation; UN; (European Union- there is a European parliament and a common currency.)
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B. Unitary Government 1. Power concentrated in a single central government. a. Central governments may create subdivisions b. Local governments subordinate to central government. c. Most common form of government. i. Most unitary governments are not democratic. ii. However, an example of a democratic unitary government is Great Britain. 2. Other examples: states and cities/counties C. Federalism 1. Constitution divides power between central government and its component parts (states/provinces) a. Each level has power independent of the other b. Each level participates in changes to the constitution (to ratify the constitution, 38 states must ratify an amendment put forth by Congress)
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topic 3 - TOPIC 3 FEDERALISM INTRODUCTION A Federalism is...

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