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Sustainable Tourism.pdf - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND...

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTAND TOURISMMBEK1013
OUTLINEWHAT DO WE MEAN BY SUSTAINABILITY ANDSUSTAINABLE TOURISM?WHAT ARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN?MASS TOURISMVSALTERNATIVE TOURISMSUSTAINABLE TOURISM AS A CONCEPT
What do we mean by sustainability?Sustainable development is generally consideredto be that which is:viable,has an equitable impact on society, andan acceptable impact on the environmentImperative to consider the three components bothindividually and collectively to achieve anacceptable balanceSustainability can be considered at a variety ofscalesfrom project to nation or continentSustainability often illustrated as three pillars orthree interlocking circles:
Increased awareness onsustainability concernsRio Earth Summit, 1992Agenda 21 for the Travel and TourismSector, 1995UN CSD-7, 1999World Summit on SustainableDevelopment, 2002International Year ofEcotourism, 2002
The Sustainable Triangle
Tourism perspective: ‘Triple Bottom Line’Focus on three themes of sustainable development, i.e.EconomicSocio-culturalEnvironmentalUnderlying message: A recognition that tourism bringsabout changepositive and negative in destinations. Thechoice is ours. Informed decisions are vital. Integratedplanning and management is key. Success hinges on allof us with a direct or indirect interest in tourism to assumeresponsibility.

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