topic 5 - TOPIC 5 INTEREST GROUPS I THE GENERAL NATURE OF...

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TOPIC 5 INTEREST GROUPS I. THE GENERAL NATURE OF INTEREST GROUPS A. Definition: A formal organization of persons who 1. Share common attitudes (or interest) on some matter and 2. Make demands on others in society to promote or protect that matter 3. Not all groups are “interest” groups—emphasis on shared attitude or interest. 4. Not all interest groups are political interest groups—they must make demands on society through the political process B. Interest Group Goals: 1. Pursue new benefits to promote group interests 2. Defend existing benefits to protect group interests 3. More effective on #2(making demands on others in society to promote or protect that matter)—conservative force II. Interest Group Formation and Membership A. Why are there Interest Groups? 1. First Amendment freedoms of association and speech 2. A type of political participation 3. Most Americans belong to or are closely associated with some interest group B. Why Do People Form and Join Interest Groups? 1. Material benefits 2. Solidary benefits—refer to the good feeling from fellowship, hanging out with people with similar interests
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