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Unformatted text preview: MUSC 110 Introduction to Music (Test III Study Guide, p.1) UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA SCHOOL OF MUSIC Introduction to Music MUSC 110 TEST III STUDY GUIDE Romantic Period This study guide includes information from the textbook and class notes that may appear on the all multiple-choice examination. I. TERMS Be able to briefly define and identify each term, as well as its role or function within music. Romanticism in the Arts Dates: 1820-1900 Fantasy Middle Ages Nature Romantic Period Music Free Artists- romantic artists status since many aristocrats can no longer afford to maintain private performers and avenues Middle Class- the main audience (more prominent b/c of industrial revolution) Classical Period vs. Romantic Period- greater range of tone color, dynamics, and pitch; harmonic vocabulary is broader, more emphasis on unstable chords, linked more closely to literature; greater tension and less emphasis on balance and resolution Individual Style/Subjects- puts more emphasis on self expression and individual style Forms (Miniature and Monumental) - short forms were meant to be for those to play in their homes; if the pieces were not short, they were really long Expressive Tone Color- (important) romantic orchestra was larger and more varied in tone color than classical; brass, woodwind, and percussion sections of the orchestra took on a more active MUSC 110 Introduction to Music (Test III Study Guide, p.2) role; romantic composers increased power of bass section; woodwind section has new tone colors; cymbals, triangle, and harp was used more; piano is valued The Piano- favorite instrument; cast iron frame was introduced and hammers were covered with felt; damper pedal allowed for increased sound and the tone had more of a singing nature; a fixture in every home Expanded Dynamics, Tempo, and Instruments- wide range of dynamics (now fff and ppp); frequent crescendos and decrescendos as well as sudden dynamic changes; changes in mood were often underlined by accelerando, ritardandos, and subtle variation of pace; rubato- slight holding of back or pressing forward tempo Thematic Transformation- when a melody returns in a later movement or section of a romantic work, its character may be transformed by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm Chromatic Harmony- chords containing tones more found in the prevailing major or minor scale (chromatic scale as 12 tones); more dissonant, or unstableness was created via chromatic chords; wide variety of keys and rapid changes from one key to another...
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