topic_5_-_national_integration_and_sri_lanka_case_study.pdf

topic_5_-_national_integration_and_sri_lanka_case_study.pdf...

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Topic 5: National Integration • National integration – Importance of national integration – Tactics for integrating –T ypes of integration – Failed integration Case study – Sri Lanka
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National Integration Getting people to identify with the concept of the nation-state rather than just with their ethnic group or region 2 Policies: • Assimilation • Ethnic arithmetic (unity through diversity) 2
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Territorial Integration State building first, then nation-building The territory must be secure and cohesive both externally and internally 3
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Value Integration Integrating citizens into a common political process with widely accepted means of conflict resolution 4
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Elite-Mass Integration Does the governing elite have the authority to govern and acknowledgement by the masses that they do so legitimately? a system in place that allows the masses to provide Is a system in place that allows the masses to provide feedback to the policy-makers or do they ignore the masses? 5
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Integrative Behavior Are people willing to work together in an organized fashion for common purposes? Are the people able to adapt to a changing environment? 6
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Failure of Integration Weiner identifies two outcomes of failed integration: 1. Highly fragmented political process in which the government is ineffective at making or implementing olicy policy 2. System in which the authoritative structures make all policy completely independent of political processes outside the government 7
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Approaches to Separatist Demands • Repression • Assimilation Devolution ecession Secession 8
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ase Study: Case Study: The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka 9
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• Population – approx. 20 million
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topic_5_-_national_integration_and_sri_lanka_case_study.pdf...

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