topic_2_-_the_purpose_and_origins_of_government.pdf

topic_2_-_the_purpose_and_origins_of_government.pdf - Topic...

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opic 2 he Purpose and Origins of Topic 2 – The Purpose and Origins of Government • What is politics? • What does government do? • A story about how and why government is created 1
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What is Politics? Two classic definitions: • Lasswell: Who gets what, when, how Easton: The authoritative allocation of values 2
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Mitigating Competition and Conflict Politics is about the allocation of resources • Societies suffer from competition for and conflict over resources • Political institutions are put in place to deal with this competition and conflict • The more economically and politically complex the 3 society, the more resources there are to allocate
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Taxation How do governments accomplish this complex process of allocating resources? Taxation and redistribution: The money a government llects in taxes is then allocated to various programs and collects in taxes is then allocated to various programs and redistributed back to affected segments of society 4
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 3 taught by Professor Maoz during the Winter '06 term at UC Davis.

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topic_2_-_the_purpose_and_origins_of_government.pdf - Topic...

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