topic_10_-_democracy,_democratization,_and_political_development.pdf

Topic_10_-_democracy,_democratization,_and_political_development.pdf

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opic 10 emocracy Democratization Topic 10 – Democracy, Democratization, and Political Development Democracy and Democratization • What is democracy? • Transition and consolidation • “Hollow” democracies Economic growth and democracy • Authoritarian breakdown and democratization emocracy in Africa Democracy in Africa • Some threats to (emerging) democracy 1
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hat is the ost portant What is the Most Important Characteristic of Democracy? Choose one: a) Liberty / freedom b) Equality c) Voting / elections d) Form of government e) Welfare / progress espect / rule of law f) Respect / rule of law g) Other 2
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itizen Views of Democracy in Latin America Citizen Views of Democracy in Latin America and the United States haracteristic hile exico osta Rica S Liberty / Freedom 25 21 54 68 Equality 18 21 6 5 Characteristic Chile Mexico Costa Rica U.S. Voting / Elections 10 12 3 2 orm of Government 2 4 Form of Government 12 14 6 2 Welfare / Progress 8 14 7 1 espect / Rule of Law 0 3 Respect / Rule of Law 10 13 3 1 Don’t Know 8 3 13 12 3 Other 8 2 7 9 Hewlett Poll Data, 1998
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A Minimalist Definition of Democracy Democracy is a system “for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote.” -Schumpeter 1942, p. 269 4
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Electoral/Procedural Democracy • Procedural and electoral focus • Typically lacking in civil liberties and in political rights beyond the electoral • Electoral democracies can vary dramatically in their level f democracy of democracy • Lack of democratic deepening (improving its quality) • At risk of reversal 5
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Liberal Democracy • Both vertical and horizontal accountability • Universal suffrage • Absence of “reserved domains” of power Provides for political and civic pluralism • Provides for individual and group freedoms t low risk of reversal At low risk of reversal 6
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Polyarchy `“Relatively but incompletely democratized regimes… [that] have been substantially popularized and liberalized. . [and] are highly inclusive and extensively open to public ntestation ” (Dahl 1972) contestation . (Dahl 1972) 7
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Features of Polyarchy Freedom to form and join organizations Freedom of expression Right to vote Eligibility for public office •R i ght of political leaders to compete for support Alternative sources of information Free and fair elections stitutions for making government policies depend on Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference 8
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 3 taught by Professor Maoz during the Winter '06 term at UC Davis.

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Topic_10_-_democracy,_democratization,_and_political_development.pdf

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