topic_7_-_political_participation_and_mass_political_violence.pdf

Topic_7_-_political_participation_and_mass_political_violence.pdf

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opic 7 olitical Participation and Topic 7 – Political Participation and Mass Political Violence • Case study - Venezuela • Political participation – Participation as a spectrum ypes of participation Types of participation • Mass political violence – Rapid economic growth – Land inequality elative Deprivation 1 Relative Deprivation – Rational Rebellion
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ase Study: Case Study: The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 2
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Facts and Figures • Population – 26.6 million (6 th most populous country in Latin America) • Infant mortality – 21/1000 • Life expectancy – 74.5 years • Adult literacy rate – 93% 3
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Economic Status NI per capita of $5 294 ($6 900 adjusted for PPP) GNI per capita of $5,294 ($6,900 adjusted for PPP) • 38% of the population lives below the poverty line • GDP growth rate has fluctuated dramatically in recent ears: years: – 2005 = 9.3% growth – 2004 = 17.9% growth 003 = 8 9% decline 2003 8.9% decline – 2002 = 7.6% decline • Agriculture – 13% of population / 4% of GDP ervice 4% of population / 53% of GDP Service – 64% of population / 53% of GDP • Industry – 23% of population / 41% of GDP • Petroleum refining = 25% of GDP 4 • Abundant natural resources, productive agricultural sector for export, and significant industrial sector
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Diversity • The population is ethnically diverse and is a mix of Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Arab, African, and digenous peoples indigenous peoples – 60% Mestizo – 29% European origin % African origin 8% African origin • Religious groups – 96% Roman Catholic –2% P r o t e s t a n t – 2% other 5
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Political System • Federal Republic style democracy • Popularly elected president with a 6 year term Unicameral National Assembly with 165 members main parties with 3 of them being the major competitors 8 main parties with 3 of them being the major competitors 6
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The Military • 5 branches (including national guard) • 30 months compulsory service for all men over 18 1.5% of GDP udget is $1 7 billion Budget is $1.7 billion 7
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Colonial History • Spain’s first Latin American colony (1522) • Fought against the Spanish for independence • Independence gained July, 5 1811 8
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Post-Independence ountry run by audillos egional strongmen) Country run by Caudillos (regional strongmen) • Dictatorship of Juan Vicente Gomez (1908-1935) centralized power in Caracas • Oil production developed and grew rapidly evelopment of middle class whose demands for Development of middle class whose demands for participation were brutally suppressed 9
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Liberalization • General Medina Angarita (1941-1945) liberalized the system liti l ti – Political parties – Trade unions – Peasant leagues • Overthrown by military and largest of the new parties ccion Democratica D) in 1945 (Accion Democratica AD) in 1945 10
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Democracy – Part I • Popular elections held • First democratic regime overthrown in military coup in 1948 • Failed because the Catholic church and conservative interests were threatened by anticlerical and reform based politics 11
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Dictatorship – Part II
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Topic_7_-_political_participation_and_mass_political_violence.pdf

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