topic_6_-_political_culture_and_dependency.pdf

topic_6_-_political_culture_and_dependency.pdf - Topic 6...

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Topic 6 – Political Culture and Dependency • Political Culture – “Iberian values” – Social capital – Structure vs. culture • Dependency Theory – Dependency – Dependent development – The Matthew Effect 1
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xplaining Development: Explaining Development: Political Culture • Banfield and “backwardness” in Chiaromonte, Italy • Harrison and “Iberian values” in Latin America utnam and “social capital” in the United States Putnam and social capital in the United States Each provides a culture based explanation for the way a society reacts to social mobilization and modernization, and ultimately its level of political development 2
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he Moral Basis of a Backward Society The Moral Basis of a Backward Society Edward Banfield, 1958 • The focus is on the immediate nuclear family and the maximization of its short-term prospects • There is little to no consideration of the future • There is distrust of other villagers and their motives • There is distrust of government and public servants 3
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The “Founding Father” Max Weber’s work is the basis for many of the assumptions used in culture based analyses of development • Reaction against Marx’s structural approach • Cultural values affect innovation, economic growth, and odernization modernization 4
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Iberian Values • Harrison attributes Latin America’s “backwardness” to the predominance of Iberian values t d i t i l – Too traditional – Don’t foster progress • Four cultural forces that affect human creative capacity: – Radius of trust igor of ethical system – Rigor of ethical system – The way authority is exercised in the system – Attitudes about work, innovation, saving, and investment 5
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POL 3 taught by Professor Maoz during the Winter '06 term at UC Davis.

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topic_6_-_political_culture_and_dependency.pdf - Topic 6...

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