topic_8_-_the_military_and_political_development.pdf

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Topic 8 – The Military and Political Development The military in politics • The coup d’etat ypes of coups Types of coups – Characteristics of coups – Consequences of coups • Is the military a modernizing force? –Pye – Huntington – Jackman 1 • Coup cycles and their effects
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The Research Questions There are two main sets of questions that drive the research: Cause – Why are some countries more prone to coups an others? than others? Effect – What are the consequences of military intervention? 2
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The Military and Political Development There are two main approaches to the role of the military in political development: It is a modernizing force that supports political development It tends to be a conservative force that inhibits political evelopment development 3
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A Few Statistics • Since World War II there have been more military coups than successful elections Since 1980 not a year has gone by in which a coup has not been attempted yria suffered four coups in a ten year period (1960- 970) Syria suffered four coups in a ten year period (1960 1970) • From 1960-1980 – ¾ of Latin American states experienced coups – ½ of developing Asian states experienced coups – Over ½ of African states experienced coups 4
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Coups and Attempted Coups Since 2000 2000 – Ecuador, Solomon Islands, Fiji 2001 – Central African Republic 2002 – Venezuela 2003 – Central African Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, the Philippines 2004 – Democratic Republic of Congo (2), Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti 2005 – Mauritania, Ecuador 2006 – Thailand, Fiji, the Philippines, Chad, Madagascar, Cote d’Ivoire 2007 – Laos, Philippines 008 – had, East Timor 5 2008 Chad, East Timor
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topic_8_-_the_military_and_political_development.pdf -...

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