lecture_9_-_effects_2.13.08

lecture_9_-_effects_2.13.08 - Questions? Political Science...

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1 Questions? Political Science Study Will talk about paper at end of class Today’s Lecture So more detailed notes on slides than usual
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2 Electoral Rules Have What Kinds of Effects? # of parties Proportionality More or less strategic behavior Behavior Party-oriented Candidate-oriented
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3 Different Types of Voter-Politician Linkages Personalistic Meaning what? Party oriented Meaning what? Clientelistic
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4 Clientelism – What? Partly constituency service What is pork barrel? Clientelism Kitschelt’s procedural definition: Clientelism refers to Benefits that are awarded to people who supported the party, And withheld from those who are found, on the basis of some kind of monitoring, not to have supported it. Monitoring and enforcement important Why?
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5 Examples? Is agricultural protection clientelist? Examples you have? Shoes in Thailand Appliances and chickens in Mexico $100 bill in U.S.
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6 Problems With Measuring Clientelism? Is pork barrel spending a good measure? Perhaps a good proxy measure But often pork is actually needed Examples? How do you know intentions of pork? Why does that matter? In many cases, pork barrel is a “public good,” used by many people. How do you know that those using it are supporting you?
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Carey and Shugart One of most important things this qtr What trying to explain? “Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote” More party or candidate-oriented behavior “Sometimes individual politicians prefer to take positions or actions other than those that would most benefit their party collectively” (418). Electoral system shapes much of how much this
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lecture_9_-_effects_2.13.08 - Questions? Political Science...

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