lecture_14_-_new_democracies_3.5.08

lecture_14_-_new_democracies_3.5.08 - Questions? Teaching...

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1 Questions? Teaching evals at end of class today Volunteer to drop off at Political Science Department? Please place pencils in envelope with evals! Final Will be post-midterm material BUT need to understand pre-midterm to understand post-midterm Standard Essays Be sure to make an argument that you state clearly at beginning of essay Will want to give theoretical/logical answers And give relevant real-world examples Cite authors (and their arguments) by name Review sheet online by end of day Monday
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2 New Democracies Do electoral rules always work in new democracies as we generally expect them to?
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3 Today Who is the author? What does he argue?
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4 What do we expect? Threshold of representation in PR? Higher threshold SMDs? Plurality 2 parties/candidates per district Presidential systems? Less party fragmentation Although more in 2 rd majority systems What do we expect over time? Greater matching of outcomes to expectations
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5 What kind of system used in Russia? Mixed-member system 225 PR seats 1 national district 225 SMDs Also, Presidential
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6 What happens in Russia? PR What is rule? 5% threshold To get on ballot, many signatures (100k 1993, 200k 1995) required Major party proliferation in PR 1993: 13 blocs (basically parties) on ballot 1995: 43 on ballot!
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High LSq in PR in Russia N (PR) 1993: Nv – 7.58, Ns – 6.4 1995: Nv – 10.68, Ns – 3.32 1999: Nv – 6.76, Ns– 5.65 Ukraine similar 1998: Nv – 9.01, Ns – 4.95 Why surprising? Even taking into account high threshold, weird to have
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lecture_14_-_new_democracies_3.5.08 - Questions? Teaching...

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